As many know, the price of gas continues to fall. Drivers have been smiling at the gas pump paying US$25 rather than US$50 each fill-up. It is obviously related to the price of a barrel of oil which is beneath US$30.
A key cause for the falling price per barrel is the glut or surplus supply in the market. It was already high, but Saudi Arabia decided to keep producing. Now, we are about to see Iran release more oil when the sanctions are lifted. This may drive the price down even further.
But, is it only related to the glut? There have been three trends that have and will continue to impact the demand side. First, as started by President George W. Bush and ratcheted up by President Obama, new cars must have increasingly higher miles per gallon (mpg) requirements. In 2015, there were more cars sold in America than ever before, which means buyers’ replacement vehicles will likely have better mileage. Even a new truck will have better mpg than the one it replaces.
Second, an increasing number of hybrid cars are being sold. It is no longer rare to see hybrids on the road. And, electric cars are starting to sell, but the pace is where hybrids were a few years back. It should be noted one of the new Teslas is the highest rated car ever. Once battery storage permits longer usage than today, the electric cars may take off.
Third, there has been a noticeable trend toward fewer licensed drivers, with younger people foregoing the license. People are choosing to live in urban areas where a car is not needed. Plus, with more transactions online, they can reduce the number of trips to the store or for entertainment. Car sharing, ride sharing, mass transit, and cheaper taxi services are creating downward pressure on demand for gas and, as a result, oil.
So, we are embarking down a path of a new normal. The counterbalance is the growing number of drivers in emerging markets, but even that growth may pull back some with obvious congestion and air pollution. Plus, lower gas prices means more car travel.
The times are indeed a changing. And, our fossil fuel industries may need to accelerate their thinking in renewable energy sources for future revenue. The new normal may cause the recovered price of oil to fall short of the old price level, once the glut is used up.