The following post is a reprise of one I wrote in the summer of 2014. I felt the story needed a new telling during Black History Month.
Fifty years ago this summer, over 700 students from across the country, joined in the Civil Rights battle in Mississippi, where African-Americans had been demonstratively and, at times, violently denied their basic civil rights, especially the right to vote. These students joined together with the Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee (SNNC) under the guidance of Bob Moses, who had been slowly organizing SNNC since 1960. These students, were predominantly white, but included all races and ethnic groups.
The fact that many were white helped bring further attention to the ongoing tragedy going on Mississippi, perpetuated by those in power as the young students lived within the African-American community, taught through Freedom Schools young students about African-American history, literature and rights, items that had been absent from their curriculum. The Freedom Summer project can be viewed up close with an excellent documentary being shown on the PBS American Experience. A link is provided below.* I would encourage you to watch the two-hour film as it can tell a story that requires footages of violence, overt racism, and brave people who spoke up, like Moses, Fannie Lou Hamer, Rita Schwerner and countless others.
Hamer is the face of the effort as evidenced by her speaking passionately in front of the 1964 Democratic Convention committee about how she was arrested, beaten, and tormented when she and others tried to register vote. Schwerner is the widow of one the three Civil Rights workers, Michael Schwerner, who along with James Chaney and Andrew Goodman, were abducted and killed by the KKK who came to abet the efforts of those in power in Mississippi. The widow rightfully pointed out the fact that two of the abducted (at the time) were white, was the only reason people in America started paying attention. She noted it is a shame that many African-Americans had died or were injured merely trying to exercise their right as citizens. Before the 1965 Voting Rights Act, less than 7% of African-Americans in Mississippi were allowed to register due to ostracization, intimidation, and complex constitutional literacy tests.
Since I cannot begin to do justice to this subject, I encourage you to watch the documentary. It will make you ashamed that this could happen in America, while at the same time making you applaud the magnificent courage of all involved, especially those African-Americans who had lived and would continue to live in this Apartheid like state once the freedom summer students went home. Yet, it took the deaths of these three young folks to galvanize and empower people.
It also took the organization of a more representative Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party of whites and blacks that went to the national convention to unseat the representatives sent by the state party, who were all white. Since morality was on their side, they almost succeeded, but they ran into the politics of Lyndon B. Johnson, who used his power to squelch the effort for a greater good – he could not help in matters if he did not get elected and he saw this as a means to interfere with that mission, no matter how noble the cause. LBJ accomplished great things for African-Americans, but politics is an ugly thing to watch up close and he looks manipulative in the process.
While their efforts fell short at the convention, their efforts were huge contributors to the passage of the Voting Rights Act the next year. But, one of the young folks who went to the Freedom Schools and is now a PhD., noted that learning about their African-American culture and civil rights that had been denied them, may have been the greatest achievement. I applaud their efforts and bravery. We still have a way to go and are seeing some battles having to be refought with several states passing restrictive Voter ID Laws. Three states have had their new laws ruled unconstitutional, while others are in court now. Yet, just because our President is multi-racial does not mean we are there yet. So, let’s keep in mind the battles these brave folks fought and not let their civil rights be stepped on again, no matter how cleverly masked those efforts.
Great post, Keith! I haven’t seen that documentary yet, but have now bookmarked it to watch this week. Thank you for reminding us of Freedom Summer … we moved forward for a while, but today we seem to be heading in the wrong direction once again. Sigh.
Thanks Jill. I remember seeing the movie with Gene Hackman and Willem DaFoe called “Mississippi Burning.” It was a tough watch. Keith
Yep, I’ve seen that one a couple of times and it always breaks my heart … all the more so for knowing it isn’t fiction, but a statement of some people in this world.
Reblogged this on Filosofa's Word and commented:
Keith has reprised one of his old posts, one that resonates today as much as at any other time. As we wind down Black History Month, this is an important lesson for us to remember. Thanks, Keith!
Thanks for the reblogging. It is a heart wrenching story.
Yes it is, and now I’m tempted to re-watch Mississippi Burning!
Hello Keith. The on going attempt to white wash history and erase what was done to keep POC suppressed and denied their rights is scary because it seems to be working in many states. Recently a school system in Utah was going to allow parents to opt out of Black History Month teachings / lessons. They rescinded that due to backlash but I bet the still water down any lesson on the subject of race. When I think of all the home school kids who are getting a fictional Christian dominion history I worry for the future. So my question is what can be done to right the situation, to get information out to people especially kids. We can not fix the problem we have until we know the truth of it, so how do we do that? Hugs
Scottie, we must advocate and keep telling tough history lessons. Now that the seditious former president is elected out, my weekly email will be more on civil rights and the environment. Keith
Say their names: Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, Andrew Goodman.
Thanks for adding this. Keith
Absolutely. Michael Schwerner. James Chaney. Andrew Goodman. All good men fighting for justice.
Yes, and all killed for their efforts. I know a number of men were tried many years later, but I cannot remember if any were found guilty. They were tryed by a jury of their KKK peers.
The short answer is that 8 of the 18 suspects were convicted and served relatively short prison sentences. None that I’m aware of were actually convicted of murder, but rather of lesser crimes, but I could be wrong there.
The system won again…
That system has an unfair advantage.
Thats why it’s the system. If it didn’t have an unfair advantage (Question: what advantage isn’t fair?) It would be the opposition.
Sadly, no justice. Here is a link from 2016.
Thanks for the link, Keith! No, no justice whatsoever!
These are such difficult and important rights. It is most certainly a battle that has been fought long and hard, one that still needs fighting and all of our willingness to help. Thank you for another informative and thought provoking post.
Thanks LaDonna. Sadly, it still needs fighting. Keith
Yes, that is true.
Thank you for reminding, Keith! Some are saying, if the old rassists will die, there will be an end of rassism. It seems there are always new ones on the stage. ;-( Its like with the antisemitism here in Germany. We have to fight against, and force our politicans to stop these things. Best wishes, Michael
True. It is a never ending fight. Differentiation begets fear which begets hate. Keith
Oh yes. Just reading a posting from a blogger friend. He is telling about someone sending rassistic comments or postings in the name of others.
A very evil thing, as i’d thought WP.com would be free of these people.
People who espouse this show their hatred all on their own. We do need to push back on the sender or delete the comment.
Not that this would ever be allowed to happen.
Lessons showing the bodies of confederate dead at Gettysburg and Antietam; them with photos of German dead at Stalingrad, with the caption:
‘This is where racism leads you. Are you ready to follow this path? Are you?’
It would make a statement. Would it be heard by the right folks?
Might reach a few, but then a large number would:
1. Express false outrage at such horrific pictures being shown.
2. Claim they were fake.
3. Claim the liberals were glorifying in the death of men who died believing in something.
4. Something even dumber to do with conspiracies and satanist cabals.
You know how it goes Keith.
Or, even berate the writer of the post or comment with name calling or ridicule as the bullying former president likes to do.
What a perfect image, Roger. But, would it get through the thick racist heads in this country? I have my doubts.
You can only hope to:
1. Strengthen the resolve of your own.
2. Win the argument of the undecided.
3. Draw some of the uncertain from the opposition and start a movement away.
Good points all … I shall keep them in mind and try to accomplish all of the above. #1 is already done!
It’s a start ✊
Well said regarding possibly attainable goals.